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Determinants of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in young children: A systematic review

10 / 07 / 15

Mazarello Paes V, Hesketh K, O'Malley C, Moore H, Summerbell C, Griffin S, van Sluijs EM, Ong KK, Lakshman R. Obes Rev. 2015 Aug 7.

Study design: Systematic review

The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) has been identified as a risk factor for obesity. This systematic review examined 44 studies of children and identified 12 correlates of higher SSB intake: child's preference for SSBs; TV/screentime; snack consumption; lower parental socioeconomic status; younger age; SSB consumption; formula milk feeding; early introduction of solids; using food as rewards; parental perceived barriers; attending out of home care; and living near a fast food or convenience store.

Five correlates were found for lower SSB consumption: positive parental modelling; parents married/cohabiting; school nutrition policy; staff skills; and having a supermarket nearby.

The authors concluded that many of these correlates are modifiable and there is consistent evidence to support the use of interventions targeting parental modelling, children's TV viewing and school policies.