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Beverage intake and metabolic syndrome risk in midlife women

11 / 07 / 17

This study tested prospective associations between intakes of alcohol, energy-dense beverages and low-calorie beverages and cardiometabolic risk in 1448 multi-ethnic middle aged women in the US Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation cohort over 14 years (1996-2011). The cardiometabolic risk factors measured were hypertension, abdominal obesity, impaired fasting glucose, LDL cholesterol and hypertriglyceridemia.  Energy-dense beverage consumption was highest among African-American women and lowest among women with tertiary degrees. Non-Hispanic white women consumed the most alcohol. Independent of energy intake, each additional 355ml of energy-dense beverages per day was associated with higher odds of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) in each successive year of follow up (OR {Odds Ratio} 1.05), and more rapidly increasing odds of hypertension (OR 1.06) and abdominal obesity (OR 1.10) over time. Intake of alcohol, low-calorie tea, coffee and diet cola were not associated with MS risk.

Appelhans BM, Baylin A, Huang M-H et al. Beverage Intake and Metabolic Syndrome Risk over 14 Years: The Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. J Academy Nutr & Diet 2017; 117 (4):554-562