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Sugar and cancer risk

19 / 10 / 18

Finding:

Most studies indicated a null association. Some detrimental associations were found for added sugars and sugary beverages.

Summary:

This study evaluated associations between dietary sugars and lifestyle-related cancer risk from 37 longitudinal studies between 1990 and 2017. Of 15 studies on total sugar and 14 studies on sucrose, 11 found a null association with cancer. Of 14 studies on fructose, 8 found a null association, 2 found protective and 4 found detrimental associations. In 2 of 5 studies on added sugars a 6-95% increased cancer risk was observed with higher intakes. In 8 of 15 studies on sugary foods and beverages, 23-200% higher cancer risk was observed with higher sugary beverage consumption.

Citation:

Makarem N, Bandera EV, Nicholson JM, Parekh N. Consumption of sugars, sugary foods, and sugary beverages in relation to cancer risk: a systematic review of longitudinal studies. Annual Review of Nutrition Aug 2018 Vol 38:17-39