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Nutritional adequacy according to carbohydrates and fat quality

02 / 06 / 16

Sánchez-Tainta A, Zazpe I, Bes-Rastrollo M, Salas-Salvadó J, et al; PREDIMED study investigators. Eur J Nutr. 2016 Feb;55(1):93-106 

This study from the larger PREDIMED trial investigated associations between carbohydrate and fat quality and nutrient adequacy in 6542 elderly subjects aged 55-80 yrs at high cardiovascular risk. They applied a Carbohydrate Quality Index (CQI) and a Fat Quality Index (FQI: unsaturated to saturated ratio) to a validated Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ), a validated Mediterranean diet score (Med-diet) and analysed these against Dietary Reference Intakes for 19 micronutrients.

They found micronutrient intake was most adequate and at lowest risk of unmet EAR (Estimated Average Requirement) values in the highest CQI or Med-diet score, and in the lowest FQI.