Research Updates | Other
Finding: Successfully reducing SSB intake via a tax would create a significant reduction in dental caries and dental care costs in Australia.
Summary: This study aimed to estimate the impacts of a SSB tax on the Australia’s oral health and dental care costs via modelling. The model estimated consumer response to a SSB price increase and any subsequent effect on oral health from reduction in sugar intake. The model indicated a 20% tax on SSB would lead to a reduction of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) of 3.9 million over 10 years. The authors point out that outcomes would be sensitive to numerous variables: time horizon, tax rate, change in demand for SSB due to price, and the target population. They also conclude that health improvements must be weighed against welfare loss as a result of introducing a tax.
Citation: Sowa PM, Keller E, Stormon N, Lalloo R, & Ford PJ (2018). The impact of a sugar-sweetened beverages tax on oral health and costs of dental care in Australia. European Journal of Public Health.