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Research Updates | Obesity / Overweight

Dietary patterns associated with obesity and hypertension in Australian adults

09 / 05 / 17

This Deakin University (Victoria, Australia) study aimed to identify dietary patterns associated with obesity and hypertension in adults from the Australian Health Survey (2011-13) data. They examined associations between dietary energy density (DED), fibre density and total sugar intake with obesity prevalence; and sodium to potassium ratio (N:K), saturated to polyunsaturated fat ratio (SAFA:PUFA) and fibre density with hypertension.

Obesity prevalence was inversely associated with low DED, high fibre and high sugar (natural sugars) diets and positively associated with low-fibre and high sugar (added sugars) diets. Hypertension prevalence was higher on low-fibre and high Na and SAFA diets.

Livingstone KM, McNaughton SA. Dietary patterns by reduced rank regression are associated with obesity and hypertension in Australian adults. Br J Nutr. 2017 Jan;117(2):248-259.