Research Updates | February 2020
Here is a selection of recently published papers of interest.
1. Bassett JK, Milne RL, English D, Giles GG et al. Consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of cancers not related to obesity. In J Cancer 2019 Nov 6 (ePub ahead of print) DOI: 10.1002/ijc.32772
Finding: In this Australian cohort there was no association between frequency of consuming sugar-sweetened soft drinks and the risk of cancers, but an unexpected positive association was observed for consumption of artificially sweetened soft drinks.
2. Barrington G, Khan S, Kent K, Brennan DS. Obesity, dietary sugar and dental caries in Australian adults. Int Dental J 2019;69:383-391. (open access)
Finding: In this survey group there was a positive association between dental caries and being overweight or obese, probably mediated by higher sugar consumption.
3. Teng AM, Jones AC, Mizdrak A, Signal L, Genç M, Wilson N. Impact of sugar-sweetened beverage taxes on purchases and dietary intake: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Rev. 2019 Sep;20(9):1187-1204.
Finding: Sugar sweetened beverage taxes introduced in jurisdictions around the world have been effective in reducing SSB purchases and dietary intake.
4. Wong THT, Buyken AE, Brand-Miller JC, Louie JCY. Is there a soft drink vs. alcohol seesaw? A cross-sectional analysis of dietary data in the Australian Health Survey 2011-12. Eur J Nutr. 2019 Sep 5.
Finding: Australians who avoid sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumed significantly more energy from alcoholic beverages.
5. Magliano DJ, Islam RM, Barr ELM, Gregg EW et al. Trends in incidence of total or type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. BMJ 2019;366:5003 (open access)
Finding: Global incidence of diabetes increased from the 1990s to the mid-2000s and has been stable or falling since.
6. Wong THT, Mok A, Ahmad R, Rangan A, Louie JCY. Intake of free sugar and micronutrient dilution in Australian children and adolescents. Eur J Nutr 2019 Sep;58 (6):2485-2495
Finding: There was little difference in nutrient intake between those consuming less than 10% and those consuming 10% or more (up to 20%) of their total energy from free sugars.
7. Marriott BP, Hunt KJ, Malek AM, Newman JC. Trends in intake of energy and total sugar from sugar-sweetened beverages in the United States among children and adults, NHANES 2003-2016. Nutrients 2019 Aug 25;11(9)
Finding: Energy and sugar intake from all beverages, sugar-sweetened beverages, soft drinks and the total diet has decreased in the total population, adults and children.
8. Sylvetsky AC, Figueroa J, Zimmerman T, Swithers SE. et al. Consumption of low-calorie sweetened beverages is associated with higher total energy and sugar intake among children, NHANES 2011-2016. Pediatr Obes. 2019 Oct;14(10):e12535.
Finding: No differences in energy intake were observed between low-calorie beverage and sweetened beverage consumers.
9. Romanos-Nanclares A, Toledo E, Gardeazabal I, Jiménez-Moleón JJ et al. Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and incidence of breast cancer: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Project. Eur J Nutr. 2019 Oct;58(7):2875-2886.
Finding: In post-menopausal women regular SSB consumption was associated with higher incidence of breast cancer. No association was found in pre-menopausal women. High SSB consumers also had poorer diets and lower physical activity.
10. Drouin-Chartier JP, Zheng Y, Li Y, Malik V. et al. Changes in consumption of sugary beverages and artificially sweetened beverages and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes: Results from three large prospective U.S. cohorts of women and men. Diabetes Care. 2019 Oct 3. pii: dc190734.
Finding: Increasing sugar beverage (SSB and fruit juices) and artificially sweetened beverage intake was associated with higher type 2 diabetes risk, and by a similar degree. Reverse causation and survey bias may affect this association.