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Relation of total sugars, fructose and sucrose with incident type 2 diabetes

11 / 07 / 17

This review aimed to assess whether there is an association between fructose-containing sugars and type 2 diabetes. The analysis included fifteen eligible prospective cohort studies (n=251,261) that assessed intakes of total sugars, fructose and sucrose and incident type 2 diabetes. There was no association of total sugars or fructose, but sucrose was associated with a DECREASED risk of type 2 diabetes. The authors point out the data contained inconsistencies in total sugars vs fructose and lack of precision in the pooled estimates of all three sugar categories. They conclude that while sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with type 2 diabetes, current evidence does not support an associated between fructose containing sugars and type 2 diabetes independent of food form.

Tsilas CS, de Souza RJ, Mejia SB et al. Relation of total sugars, fructose and sucrose with incident type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. CMAJ 2017;189(20)