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Research Updates | Diabetes

The effects of isoenergetic fructose replacement on glucose, insulin and triglyceride levels.

07 / 08 / 17

This study aimed to find out the effects of isoenergetic fructose replacement of glucose or sucrose on glucose, insulin and triglyceride levels. What they found in their search of randomised controlled trials was that replacing glucose or sucrose with fructose, particularly in people with prediabetes, type 1 or type 2 diabetes, resulted in a significantly lowered peak postprandial peak blood glucose and similar results for insulin. Peak postprandial blood triglyceride concentrations did not significantly increase.

Evans RA, Frese M, Romero J et al. Fructose replacement of glucose or sucrose in food or beverages lowers postprandial glucose and insulin without raising triglycerides: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 2017 doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.145151

Below is an example of the how the popular media (Body & Soul magazine {News Ltd} 2/7/17) misinterpreted this study. Honey has similar levels of glucose as sucrose so this advice to swap sugar for honey does not reflect the replacements examined in the study.

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