Research Updates | Cardiovascular disease
Researchers tested the hypothesis that dietary intake would prospectively influence cardiometabolic (CM) risk factors by analysing observations of 448 Canadian students aged 10-17 years over a 2 year period. They examined BMI, waist circumference (WC), systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP) and insulin sensitivity score. Using mixed effect regression adjusted for age, sex and physical activity, they found the following associations between baseline and follow-up:
There were no significant associations between sugar intake, vegetables and fruit, or fibre, and CM risk factors. The authors conclude that reducing fat and sodium intake in children and youth may help prevent weight gain and hypertension later in life.